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America’s First Cowgirl: Lucille Mulhall

America’s First Cowgirl: Lucille Mulhall



Lucille Mulhall was already a skilled roper at age 8.


The following is quoted from the book jacket of America’s First Cowgirl Lucille Mulhall, by Beth Day, Published by Julian Messner, Inc., 1955. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 55-9850.


“World’s Champion Roper — America’s Greatest Horsewoman — Queen of the Range — and the only woman who ever roped steers competitively with men — Lucille Mulhall held the top spot in contests and vaudeville for twenty years. Will Rogers, friend and teacher, called her the world’s greatest rider.


Born in the saddle, Lucille was the spirited daughter of Colonel Zach Mulhall, an Oklahoma ranch owner. Unlike her sisters, she wasn’t interested in dolls and sewing or piano lessons but preferred branding yearlings and roping wolves and jack-rabbits and steers; training her small, sure-footed ponies; practicing the trick riding that was to make her famous all over the country.


“While still in her early teens, Lucille was the top cowboy performer in the West. Extremely feminine, soft spoken, and well educated, she seemed a paradox, for she was so steel-muscled she could beat strong and talented men at their own games. She could have been a society belle, but she loved the rough, dangerous life and cowboying was in her blood. Had she been a man, she would have been content to work on a ranch, but as a woman she was a novelty and the only way she could make use of her singular talents was in show business. The term cowgirl was invented to describe her when she took the East by storm in her first appearance at Madison Square Garden (in 1905).”




“From the time Lucille was booked for New York, the newspapers had been attempting to describe the phenomenon that was Lucille Mulhall. They had struggled with such ridiculous descriptions as ‘Female Conqueror of Beef and Horn’ and ‘Lassoer in Lingerie’ to the simpler, more realistic ‘Cowboy Girl’ and ‘Ranch Queen.’


“Finally one of them managed to coin a word which would describe the life and talents of any girl who could rope and ride and do ranch work alongside men. The word was ‘cowgirl.’ It was invented to describe Lucille, and it has since become a part of our language.”


White Park Cattle

Ancient Breed History – Polled British White Cattle . . . . the polled ancient Park cattle of Medieval times, and Immortalized in Ancient Celtic Myth and Law many thousands of years ago.
“Early accounts have suggested that hornless or polled cattle were introduced to Ireland and Britain from Scandinavia by Viking settlers (Wilson 1909). However, this theory is contradicted by the presence of polled cattle in the Irish archaeological record prior to the appearance of the Vikings (McCormick 1987).”  DNA analyas of cattle from Viking Dublin 1999, D. E.MacHugh and others, P. 100.

The purpose of this project was to explore the ancient breed history of Britain’s Park Cattle and clarify the relationship between the ancient horned White Park of today and the ancient polled White Park of today (now referred to as British White). In 1918 the Park Cattle Society was formed in the United Kingdom and a herd book formally established which recorded both horned and polled ancient white park cattle of both black and red points. In 1946, breeders of ancient polled Park Cattle separated from the Park Cattle Society and formed the British White Cattle Society – thereafter the ‘polled’ park cattle were known by the distinguishing breed name – British White.

As a breeder of polled British White cattle I’ve often been asked “What is the difference between the White Park and the British White?” I couldn’t answer and found myself stumbling, as I knew Britain’s White Park Cattle Society quite oddly declares no relationship to the polled British White, yet the information currently available in essays and articles on the polled British White and the horned White Park reflects much of the same lore and legend.

They share this lore and legend because both varieties of park cattle were present in the British Isles since ‘time immemorial’. In Wild, White Cattle” (p.36) by James Edmund Harting (c.1880), it is clear that at the onset of the Middle Ages there were polled herds, horned herds with a variety of shape and length, and herds with both red and black color points. The distinguishing trait today that separates the two varieties is the presence of horns, and secondary to horns would be the disposition of the animal, and those same traits have existed for hundreds of years — the difference today is our 21st century need to peg this wonderful bovine into two distinct breeds. It’s interesting to compare the Rare Breeds Survival Trust’s (a UK charity supported national conservation society) descriptions of the two breeds. It strikes one that they are careful not to step on the toes of the horned White Park Cattle Society, likely because one of their most influential members has strong connections with the White Park Cattle Society. Conspicuously absent is any mention in the White Park breed description of the original founding Park Cattle Society that dates back to 1918 that encompassed all white park cattle, polled or horned, within the United Kingdom.

As well, there is no mention given to the introgression of English Longhorn and Welsh Black genetics into horned White Park herds; and certainly no mention that prior to the 1940’s owners of horned herds made use of polled white park (British White) bulls to improve their herds. The following is an excerpt from the Conclusion section of Jessica Hemmings’ excellent 2002 research article which would appear to lay to rest the claims of horned White Park Cattle, whether docile or wild, of being of ancient aurochsen origin which we are to believe makes them a breed of greater antiquity than that of the polled British White:

“. . . .The public literature distributed by the Chillingham Wild Cattle Association deliberately fosters this sense of mystery, as does the Association’s reluctance to accept the findings of recent zoological studies which indicate that the animals (Chillingham park cattle) are the feral descendants of ordinary domestic stock. Nobody claims that they come from the fairy mounds any longer, but arguing that they are the direct descendants of “the gigantic wild white bull of Caesar’s time, and of the monstrous bovine wonders of the Palaeolithic and neolithic ages” (Wallace 1907, 29) seems thematically similar. Where the origin is obscure, it is easy to imagine it to be remarkable. . .”

Within the existing horned White Park herds in the UK, there are apparently animals of both wild and tame disposition. However, the horned Chillingham herd of White Park cattle is considered to be representative of the true feral (wild) white park animal, and DNA testing is said to show these Chillingham animals as distinct from any other European breed. However, per Hemmings 2002 research:

“. . .Although both the late president and the patron have quoted genetic work done on the cattle to support their arguments, the zoological reports in fact make it quite clear that the Chillingham herd does not have any special relationship to the aurochs whatsoever (Hall 1982-3, 96; 1991, 540).”

The Chillingham cattle continue to live in their native habitat and the introduction of new blood is said to be minimal to non-existent. Unfortunately, many historians and breeders key in on this falsely supported DNA report and presume that all horned white park cattle are proven distinct from the polled British White. I believe this is an error of enormous consequence perpetuated by Britain’s White Park Cattle Society for their own disserving purposes that will one day be corrected. There is no public data that identifies the lineage of the British White animals that were used for the basis of these tests, but most assuredly in my opinion the horned White Park animal (s) that was tested was a cow or bull of the most exceedingly closed Chillingham genetics and bears no relationship to the fat and docile appearing horned White Park animals to be found more commonly in Britain, which even a novice can ascertain as having a distinct kinship with Britain’s and the USA’s polled British White cattle.

Exploring different references to the British White, I was surprised to learn that there are Galloway’s that are white with black points, and considering the genetic dominance of the pattern of white with black (or red) points. . .

“Although there is strong evidence that the White Galloway and White Park patterns are due to the tyrosinase gene, the mutation does not occur in the coding portion of the gene and therefore no DNA test has been developed. This temperature sensitive expression of pigment, like that of the Siamese cat, is inherited as a dominant. If a rancher breeds 7 non-white cows and obtains 7 white calves, there is a 99% chance that the sire is homozygous for this trait.” DNA Tests for Cattle – Dr. Sheila Schmutz

. . . .of the polled British White (pre 1946 White Park) markings it could be easily surmised that at some point in time the British White was bred into the Galloway, and I would instinctively surmise this occurred well before the modern days of 1960. I would have thought the odd white Galloway would be found more closely linked to the British White judging from simply the look of these ancient polled cattle and their docile nature and the dominance of the white park markings once introduced into a breed, this White Galloway breeder appears to concur.

“As can be clearly seen, the breeders of these cattle were engaged in a continual struggle to maintain numbers, and from time to time the blood of other breeds was introduced in order to avoid problems associated with in-breeding and to achieve the desired type. (The article on page 7 of the 1998 British White Breed Journal by Mr J Cator gives a full account of these outside sources used between 1840 and 1918 in the Woodbastwick herd).” (source: British White Cattle Society – UK)

The polled variety of the white park cattle was considered superior by this elder cattleman of the UK in the early 20th century. The excellence “since time immemorial” of the polled white park cattle referred to by this gentleman continues today. . .

Sir Claud Alexander, owner of the Faygate herd, writing in the 1912 “Amateur Menagerie Club” Year Book says:”I would, however, strongly advise anyone who may think of forming a herd to go to the polled variety for his foundation stock, for they have been kept from time immemorial for their milk and beef producing qualities, and right well do they justify their existence… The Somerford cows are excellent milkers and one of mine averages five gallons a day when in full profit. In addition to this they are big heavy beasts and give a good return from the butcher when their milking days are over…. Mr Quinton Gurney’s herd at Northrepps Hall is a thoroughly practical one, for on it devolves the task of keeping the town of Cromer supplied with milk. At Woodbastwick too, some grand milkers are to be found, and here great attention is paid to beef producing powers, as the records of the local fat stock shows frequently testify… If anyone who reads these notes and feels inclined to form a herd will communicate with me, I shall be pleased to supply any information that may be required.”

What I find most interesting is the casual inference that the polled variety has better milk and beef producing qualities and has from “time immemorial”. The domesticated white park cattle (British White) from the days of the Druids should have better milk and beef producing qualities than the wild variety of the horned Ancient White Park.

A few years after the excerpt above was printed, the Park Cattle Society was formed in the UK in 1918, which encompassed both horned and polled examples of the breed. In 1946 the group split and the polled white “Park Cattle” animal became formally known as a British White and the British White Cattle Society in the UK was established. Through their efforts the polled British White has risen from numbers so low as to be listed a rare breed, to it’s status now as a minority breed. Their numbers will continue to grow as this beautiful, docile animal becomes more broadly known across the world as the breed that delivers all that an owner can wish for in health, longevity, fertility, milk, and beef.


Extract FROM JOHN O’GROATS TO LAND’S END, SEVENTH WEEK’S JOURNEY, Oct. 3 to Nov. 5 1871. “We now bade good-bye to the River Dove, leaving it to carry its share of the Pennine Range waters to the Trent, and walked up the hill leading out of the town towards Abbots Bromley. We soon reached a lonely and densely wooded country with Bagot’s Wood to the left, containing trees of enormous age and size, remnants of the original forest of Needwood, while to the right was Chartley Park, embracing about a thousand acres of land enclosed from the same forest by the Earl of Derby, about the year 1248. In this park was still to be seen the famous herd of wild cattle, whose ancestors were known to have been driven into the park when it was enclosed. These animals resisted being handled by men, and arranged themselves in a semi-circle on the approach of an intruder. The cattle were perfectly white, excepting their extremities, their ears, muzzles, and hoofs being black, and their long spreading horns were also tipped with black. Chartley was granted by William Rufus to Hugh Lupus, first Earl of Chester, whose descendant, Ranulph, a Crusader, on his return from the Holy War, built Beeston Castle in Cheshire, with protecting walls and towers, after the model of those at Constantinople. He also built the Castle at Chartley about the same period, A.D. 1220, remarkable as having been the last place of imprisonment for the unfortunate Mary Queen of Scots, as she was taken from there in 1586 to be executed at Fotheringhay.”

Jumping And Spinning, A Ballerina With Hooves

The World’s Rankest Bull: Since October of 2009, no professional bull rider has been able to stay on Bushwacker for eight seconds. At a recent P.B.R. event in Pueblo, Colorado, the riders explained why he’s so tough to ride.
Published: July 19, 2011

Dustin Elliott, a 145-pound professional cowboy, popped into the chute and felt energized by the lights above and the 1,600-pound bull beneath him. He wrapped a rope around his right hand, twisted right to left four times, then bounced up and down three times. The bull, meanwhile, looked casually to the left and waited.
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Andy Watson/Bull Stock Media
Bushwacker stands atop the Professional Bull Riders list of the world’s rankest — or toughest to ride — bulls.
“He’s got a real cool arrogance to himself and then when the gate opens he just explodes,” Shorty Gorham, a bullfighter, said of Bushwacker, who usually bucks most pros in three seconds or so. “But leading up until then you would think he’s just some farm pet that didn’t have an ounce of buck in him.”

Since October 2009, no cowboy has ridden Bushwacker for even eight seconds, the minimum needed to earn a score, and the average is 3.01. In 2010, he jumped, kicked and spun his way to more than $335,000 from American Bucking Bull Inc., which awards prize money to bulls. With an average score of 46.01 out of 50, he stands atop the Professional Bull Riders list of the world’s rankest — or toughest to ride — bulls. But it’s not the numbers that have the cowboys tweaked.

“He’s a smart bull,” the rider Robson Palermo said. “Every time he leaves the chute he got something for you.”

With a relaxed swagger in cramped quarters, hops that should not originate from hooves, and a stable of freakish, syncopated moves that have left riders flummoxed, Bushwacker sometimes appears more ballerina than bovine. In Springfield, Mo., last year, he bucked the rookie of the year, Silvano Alves, headfirst into the dirt, swung rump over muzzle, landed on his right-front foot, and Eskimo-kissed the ground.

Hours before his encounter with Elliott in the United States Air Force Invitational in late May, as the sun rose over his pen in Pueblo, Colo., Bushwacker champed a mix of hay, grain, vitamins and minerals. His trainer, Kent Cox, laid out the feed so the bull would dine at least 12 hours before bucking.

“You can’t eat a big old bowl of spaghetti and go run a marathon,” Cox said.

On days when the bull riding starts at 2 p.m., Cox rises at 2 a.m., ignoring the headaches that have plagued him since he took a horn to the right side of the face while riding a one-ton bull in 1997. The impact shattered his cheekbone, eye socket and nasal cavity. He had five operations to install 13 plates in his head.

A year and a half later, he got back on a bull. He could still ride, but he had lost the desire. He transferred his energy into training bulls.

Cox has had great success with Bushwacker, who took home the single biggest check when he won the $250,000 A.B.B.I. Classic Championship during the Professional Bull Riders finals last October. Money also comes from breeding. Earlier this year, a collector took sperm from Bushwacker. It sells for more than $2,000 a straw. The average bull can fill 150 straws per collection.

To help owners pair potential mates, the A.B.B.I. tracks the lineage of every premier dam and sire and the bucking success of their offspring. And though Bushwacker’s line sounds as if it came from the police blotter in a seedy Southwestern drag, it is rodeo royalty. Diamond’s Ghost sired his mother, Lady Luck. Oscar’s Velvet sired his father, Reindeer Dippin’, an ornery bull who went unridden in the P.B.R. three separate years.

“When Bushwacker was a baby he was mean — he’d hook my horse,” said his co-owner Julio Moreno. “Kent’s got him to where, you know, he could eat of your hand now.”

At noon, Bushwacker lay in his pen. He is caramel, except for the tilted white H on his face, the “1 3 6” scar branded to his left rump and white horns cut off into nubs.

Cox helped two cowboys and a cowgirl herd bulls into a truck. His wife, Gina, watched from a deck behind the pens.

“I call him the bull whisperer,” she said. “He lives, breathes and eats bulls, and if you don’t moo, he doesn’t care about you.”

Gina Cox grew up in a rodeo family in Illinois. On weekends, she helps out as a P.B.R. secretary.

“I consider the finals in Las Vegas our vacation,” she said. “And that’s maybe two hours of sleep every night.”

She laughed and ran her right hand over her left forearm, a $65,000 digital prosthetic. In 2004, she lost the arm in a car wreck.

“That was the one time he never left my side — for two weeks,” she said of her husband. “And probably the only time he was away from the bulls for that long.”

As Cox helped guide four other bulls to the trailer, Bushwacker looked out through the fence.

“You know that bull loves his job,” Gina Cox said. “Because when that trailer leaves and he’s not on it, you can tell he’s upset.”

She worries about her husband. He has had at least 13 concussions and often enters the pens to train the bulls with only two blue heeler cattle dogs at his side. He has been knocked down more than once.

As Cox swung open the gate to Bushwacker’s pen, the bull stood still and twitched his right ear into a cup. Cox walked in. Bushwacker trotted out. Soon he was on the truck and off to the arena.

The haul was a short one, comparatively. Cox drives Bushwacker from his home in Dublin, Tex., to more than a dozen events around the country.

After an hour-and-a-half nap at the hotel, Cox showed up behind the Colorado State Fair Events Center at 7. Pyrotechnics went off inside. Bushwacker waited amid a sea of fencing, swinging tails and tilting horns.

Cox went inside and clanked up steps to the platform behind the chutes. Chaw dripped off a grate that creaked under the weight of paunched contractors and square-jawed cowboys.

Cox flanked the 28th and 29th bulls, steadied riders in the chute by holding their shoulders and drawled with cowboys. The gate slammed open. Clumps of dirt flew up into the scrum of hats.

Shortly after 9 p.m., after more than 40 bulls had gone out, Bushwacker ambled into the chute. Cox stood over his still flank. The opening piano from Eminem’s “Lose Yourself” blared from the speakers. Elliott finished squirming and nodded vigorously. The gate opened.

Bushwacker short-hopped into the arena. Drool flew out of his mouth and whirled over Elliott’s head. Bushwacker bounded more than two feet into the air, kicked his hind legs up, and drove his front legs into the ground. Instead of waiting for his back legs to touch dirt, as most bulls do, he sprung off his front feet immediately.

This is Bushwacker’s signature move, and it is as effective in its offbeat athleticism as a point guard executing a crossover dribble to ditch a defender. Elliott came forward and lost the weight of his feet underneath him.

Possibly sensing the rider’s weight shift, Bushwacker staccato-hopped to the right. He accelerated into five successive spinning jumps. His tail whipped his own rump with emphatic snaps. Elliott flew to the right and hit the dirt. The clock showed 6.57 seconds.

Bushwacker kicked out of the arena and into the night. He stopped at the last gate and waited for the next truck. Inside, after the last ride of the night, Kent and Gina Cox walked over to Elliott.

“There’s nobody that we’d be prouder to have ride him first,” Gina said. “That’s for dang sure.”

Then Kent Cox put his arm on his wife’s back and left the arena smiling.

“This is what we work all week long to come do, and the results are here,” he said. “He did his job, and, yeah.”

Top 40 Riders in the PBR

1. Luke Snyder $256,966.67 $2,677.50 $13,716.27 $273,360.44
2. Robson Palermo $238,190.00 $1,000.00 $26,526.28 $265,716.28 -$7,644.16
3. Valdiron de Oliveira $209,858.33 $15,779.40 $7,946.19 $233,583.92 -$39,776.51
4. Shane Proctor $70,333.33 $116,422.40 $0.00 $186,755.73 -$86,604.70
5. Silvano Alves $137,255.00 $6,628.30 $41,036.48 $184,919.78 -$88,440.66
6. LJ Jenkins $149,036.67 $4,046.00 $0.00 $153,082.67 -$120,277.77
7. J. B. Mauney $82,488.33 $60,353.75 $0.00 $142,842.08 -$130,518.35
8. Guilherme Marchi $134,938.33 $0.00 $6,345.90 $141,284.23 -$132,076.20
9. Austin Meier $114,600.00 $16,100.47 $0.00 $130,700.47 -$142,659.97
10. Elton Cide $10,050.00 $4,896.00 $88,445.33 $103,391.33 -$169,969.11
11. Ben Jones $71,210.00 $3,315.00 $22,759.95 $97,284.95 -$176,075.49
12. Mike Lee $33,208.33 $45,883.57 $17,049.91 $96,141.81 -$177,218.62
13. Ryan McConnel $64,728.33 $22,395.50 $2,109.74 $89,233.58 -$184,126.86
14. Douglas Duncan $39,445.00 $47,064.60 $0.00 $86,509.60 -$186,850.84
15. Paulo Lima $65,218.33 $6,497.40 $13,538.50 $85,254.24 -$188,106.20
16. Chris Shivers $84,050.00 $0.00 $0.00 $84,050.00 -$189,310.44
17. Fabiano Vieira $45,760.00 $10,004.84 $26,438.81 $82,203.65 -$191,156.78
18. Colby Yates $80,360.00 $0.00 $0.00 $80,360.00 -$193,000.44
19. Caleb Sanderson $53,820.00 $24,757.78 $0.00 $78,577.78 -$194,782.66
20. Aaron Roy $35,478.33 $15,852.50 $25,145.09 $76,475.93 -$196,884.51
21. Elliott Jacoby $29,913.33 $42,296.79 $0.00 $72,210.12 -$201,150.31
22. Dustin Elliott $41,945.00 $29,430.85 $0.00 $71,375.85 -$201,984.59
23. Rubens Barbosa $0.00 $0.00 $70,570.69 $70,570.69 -$202,789.74
24. Renato Nunes view injuries $70,036.67 $0.00 $0.00 $70,036.67 -$203,323.77
25. Kody Lostroh $40,286.67 $17,370.89 $5,529.76 $63,187.32 -$210,173.12
26. Skeeter Kingsolver $45,935.00 $8,114.72 $5,302.93 $59,352.66 -$214,007.78
27. Tyler Thomson $400.00 $26,000.00 $24,970.71 $51,370.71 -$221,989.73
28. Reese Cates $19,175.00 $15,688.23 $12,592.14 $47,455.37 -$225,905.07
29. Pete Farley $11,808.33 $29,531.55 $6,111.49 $47,451.38 -$225,909.06
30. Stormy Wing $38,455.00 $6,333.35 $0.00 $44,788.35 -$228,572.09
31. Corey Navarre $0.00 $43,516.60 $0.00 $43,516.60 -$229,843.84
32. Ty Pozzobon view injuries $5,300.00 $7,299.90 $29,546.68 $42,146.58 -$231,213.86
33. Cody Campbell $18,530.00 $8,884.20 $12,613.08 $40,027.28 -$233,333.16
34. Douglas Ferreira $13,550.00 $11,810.50 $13,609.26 $38,969.76 -$234,390.68
35. Sean Willingham $27,575.00 $6,252.68 $4,624.00 $38,451.68 -$234,908.75
36. Cody Nance $34,545.00 $2,996.93 $0.00 $37,541.93 -$235,818.51
37. Jordan Hupp $34,785.00 $397.80 $0.00 $35,182.80 -$238,177.64
38. Edimundo Gomes $0.00 $0.00 $34,460.51 $34,460.51 -$238,899.93
39. Justin Koon $2,135.00 $29,391.13 $2,543.20 $34,069.33 -$239,291.11
40. Pistol Robinson

White park cattle influence..

Who’s Your Daddy? Plummer Genetics – It’s Black & White

Bull Pen Magazine – http://www.bullpenmagazine.com – 09/30/2008
by Sugar Kuhn
Reprinted with permission from Bull Pen Magazine, bullpenmagazine.com
by Sugar Kuhn
copyright September, 2008

Anyone that has participated in or followed the bucking bull industry
knows one thing — there sure is a lot of black & white out there.
It’s out there in our pastures, out there in the arena, filling our
registry and definitely in the winner’s circle. Although some of us
know the immediate origin of these white hides highlighted by black
noses, eye-rims, hooves and horn tips, few know the ancient history
behind the distinctive color pattern. Sure, the majority of our
buckers with these features have Tom Harlan and Charlie Plummer to
thank immediately, but believe it or not, their story goes back into
antiquity nearly 2,000 years.
In reality, very few breeds have a history longer than 200-300 years,
but these cattle are definitely an exception. They can claim with
confidence that their ancestors are truly an ancient breed. Their
ancient origin can be traced by, what else, those unmistakable,
distinct black points. Historically known as Park, White Forest,
White Horned, Wild White or White Park Cattle, it has been suggested
that they are descended from wild aurochs or domestic cattle
introduced by the Romans. The Roman Legions occupied England in
B.C.E. and stayed there for 400 years. Both Romans and the native
Brits kept white cattle for sacrificial reasons. Rome withdrew from
England in 407 AD and tribal wars and chaos went on until 1066 AD.
While all this was going on, the white cattle escaped into the
wilderness and reverted to a wild condition. For over 700 years they
were regarded as “wild game”and hunted.
The original name “Park Cattle”came from the enclosure or
“emparking”of vast acres in Britain following the Norman Conquest in
1066 and ensuing centuries. Various kings in the 12th and 13th
centuries awarded large land grants to the church and members of
their courts. These land grants or estates were thus “emparked”or
enclosed by high fences or stone walls. This “emparked”acreage
contained many of these wild white cattle and they continued to roam
freely on these vast estates. Although many of the details are
continually disputed, we do know from the physical descriptions of
these cattle in ancient literature that all White Park Cattle,
whether horned or polled, can be dated back to the Bronze Age and
Until the 1800s, the cattle lived and propagated inside these
emparkments. It is interesting that when domestication and selective
breeding began, the cattle were the result of 1,500 years of “natural
selection.”Traits of hardiness, fertility, milkability, longevity,
calving ease, low birth weights, disease resistance and an overall
ability to survive made them stronger with each consecutive
generation. With little to no intervention from people domestically,
the genetic base stayed pure as well.
In 1919, the first British White Park Association was formed and in
1940 one bull and five cows were sent to Toronto, Canada by order of
Winston Churchill because of WWII. There was good reason to fear that
these cattle with such an ancient historical value might be
devastated by a Nazi invasion of England and thus a National Treasure
would be lost. Eventually, the offspring were sent to the Bronx Zoo
in New York and then split into two groups after the city decided
they could no longer care for them.
One group was sent to Washington to play a role in the American White
Park formation. The other group went to the King Ranch in Texas and
formed the nucleus herd of the Horned White Park in the United
States. By 1960, all Park cattle that were the property of the U.S.
Government had been sold to the public.
The cattle sent to the King Ranch stayed there from 1940 until 1980,
when the entire herd was sold to the Moeckly family of Polk City,
Iowa. The ancient-based horned herd was culled for type and was
maintained separately from other breeds, including the Moeckly’s
similarly marked, but polled commercial herd of British White.
Now, how Tom Harlan and Charlie Plummer ended up with these ancient
genetics in their herds is still not clear, but there is no mistaking
the black points Plummer genetics pass on. Since bucking bull
breeders are dependant on DNA science these days, it is also
interesting to note that there has not been a DNA test developed that
can track the distinct color patterns found in White Parks Cattle.
This is due to the fact that the tyrosinase gene which is thought to
be responsible for the black point patterns is a mutation that does
not occur in the coding portion of the gene.
Making for further interest is the fact that many of the original
Plummer cattle were not black and white. An example of this would be
CP1 Kung Fu who was black and the dam of Superstitious, Panhandle
Slim, Automatic, Hobo and Rooster, and CP6 who was brown and the
mother of 329 Houdini. However, offspring such as Houdini and the
majority of Plummer-bred cattle do maintain and/or pass on the
dominant traits of white hides and black points. In the case of
Houdini, his dam was mated to White Sports Coat who was sired by CP47
Charlie, both typical in color-type for the White Parks line.
When thinking of today’s White Park Cattle, one must muse over the
idea that there seem to be two varieties here in the U.S. There are
those that are polled and used as a dual purpose breed for meat and
milk production and those that are horned with a King Ranch
connection which have been cross-bred to create some of the best
buckers in the industry.
One reason cross-breeding Plummer genetics works so well might be the
fact that the ancient White Parks breed was so pure for such a great
length of time, in some estimates over 2,500 years. This fact might
then explain an increase in the heterosis effects achieved when they
were cross-bred.
Still trying to make the correlation between the ancient cattle of
England and what we see excelling in the arena today? It is pretty
easy to get a good chuckle from extracts of dated literature
regarding the White Park Cattle. Similar behaviors and color patterns
in yesterday’s White Park Cattle can also be found in today’s Plummer
“These cattle’s ancestors were known to have been driven into the
park when it was enclosed. These animals resisted being handled by
men, and arranged themselves in a semi-circle on the approach of an
intruder. The cattle were perfectly white, excepting their
extremities, their ears, muzzles, and hooves being black, and their
long spreading horns were also tipped with black.”—excerpt from John
O’Groats to Land’s End, Seventh Week’s Journey.
“…and when the wild, white bull saw a man coming toward him he
drove his horns into the ground, and put an acre of land over his own
back.”— Myths and Folklore of Ireland by Fin MacCumbail and Gilla na
The horned White Parks Cattle of today have also been described as
having a wild nature and a lengthy flight zone. This sounds pretty
familiar with the characteristics that are so feverishly sought after
and seen in today’s buckers.
When looking back over the limited length of time we have been
breeding buckers compared to the centuries behind those black noses
and ears, it is easy to become humble. Nonetheless, there is no
denying the impact these genetics may have had on the success in our
industry. We have come a long way from the original CP bulls and
cows, but one thing that seems to remain from ancient times is all
those black noses and ears in our pastures and back pens.


PUEBLO, Colo. (March 11, 2011) – Professional Bull Riders fans in Indiana and Virginia will have the opportunity to watch established veterans and newcomers compete against some of the best bucking bulls this weekend.

The Touring Pro Division, which is the development tour of the PBR, will be in Evansville, Ind., and Hampton, Va., on Friday and Saturday.

Bull riding begins at 7:30 p.m. both nights at the Hampton Coliseum. Tickets are on sale at the Hampton Coliseum box office, online atwww.Ticketmaster.com, and by telephone at (800) 745-3000.

Roberts Stadium in Evansville, Ind., will host bull riding at 7:30 p.m. on Friday and Saturday. Tickets are on sale at the Roberts Stadium box office and Ticketmaster outlets, online at www.Ticketmaster.com, and by telephone at (800) 745-3000.

The TPD gives riders the opportunity to compete in PBR-sanctioned events, while earning money to qualify for the nationally-televised Built Ford Tough Series, which is comprised of the Top 40 bull riders in the world. Every five events on the BFTS, the Top 5 riders (based on money earned) from the TPD are allowed to move into the BFTS.

The BFTS will be at Jobing.com Arena in Glendale, Ariz., on Saturday and Sunday. The BFTS crisscrosses the United States, making 28 stops in 23 states. The season began at world-famous Madison Square Garden in New York on Jan. 7-9. It all culminates Oct. 26-30 in Las Vegas at the PBR Built Ford Tough World Finals, where the 2011 PBR World Champion will be crowned and awarded the $1 million Built Ford Tough bonus.

The action will be televised in HD on VERSUS at 9 p.m. ET on Saturday and Sunday. Play-by-play broadcaster Craig Hummer will be joined by nine-time World Champion and former Arizona resident Ty Murray, who will provide color commentary, and Leah Garcia, who will be doing dirt-level interviews. BFTS telecasts are produced for the PBR by David Neal Productions, a Los Angeles-based production company led by 30-time Emmy® Award winner and Peabody Award winner David Neal, who serves as executive producer and creative lead.

Professional Bull Riders Touring Pro Division Event Results:
San Antonio TPD
Mar. 5 at San Antonio, Texas
Final Results (Round 1- Event Total Points)
1. Robson Aragao, Aracaju, Brazil, 85.5-85.5 points.
2. Sam Medlock, El Dorado, Ark., 85-85 points.
3. John Jacobs, Timber Lake, S.D., 84.5-84.5 points.

Birmingham TPD
Feb. 26 at Birmingham, Ala.
Final Results (Round 1-Round 2-Event Total Points)
1. Josh Faircloth, Randleman, N.C., 87-89-176 points.
2. Josh Koschel, Greeley, Colo., 86.5-88-174.5 points.
3. Reese Cates, El Dorado, Ark., 89-0-89 points.

About the Professional Bull Riders, Inc. (PBR)The PBR is the world’s premier bull riding organization. More than 100 million viewers annually watch over 400 hours of primetime PBR programming on VERSUS, NBC, CBS and networks around the world. The PBR has awarded over $100 million in prize money and 20 riders have earned over $1 million, including Justin McBride with $5.5 million — the most of any western-sports athlete in history. The PBR was nominated as 2010 Sports League of the Year at the Sports Business Journal Sports Business Awards, alongside the National Football League, National Basketball Association and Major League Baseball. Nearly 2 million fans attend Built Ford Tough Series and Touring Pro Division events each year. For more information on the PBR, go to www.pbr.com, or follow on Facebook atwww.facebook.com/TeamPBR and http://twitter.com/TEAMPBR.


Launch of UBBI: New Bucking Bull Contest

Stephenville, Texas (December 6, 2010) – Bucking bull breeders are going to experience something new, fresh and exciting in 2011.  Jerry Nelson and Jimmy Ray, owners of Frontier Rodeo Company have launched the new United Bucking Bulls, Inc (UBBI).  This new bucking bull contest platform was developed to give breeders across the country an opportunity to participate in uniform competitions.  “We just want to be able to give everyone a place to go and have fun with the bulls they own,” said Jimmy Ray, co-owner of the UBBI.  “This business is hard work and we want to be able to reward their efforts with a chance to compete with lower entry fees and pay back more money.”
Ultimately the UBBI will bring together the top bulls from 6 different regions to the UBBI National Finals.  Regular season and Finals Champions will be crowned in each of 3 categories including Futurity (2 year olds), Derby (3 year olds) and Classic (3 & 4 year olds) competitions.
The best 50 bulls in each category will qualify for the UBBI National Finals, and will consist of the top 30 bulls ranked nationally and the top 20 bulls ranked regionally.  Entry fees at the National Finals will be paid back to participants 100% and the Finals Champion in each category will receive a $10,000 “Finals Champion Bonus”!
UBBI membership is free to participants in 2011 and will give breeders a chance to compete for money and prizes throughout the season.  Although bulls that compete at UBBI events are not required to be ABBI registered, the UBBI will encourage breeders to register their cattle, age verify and EID tag their bulls to add value to their cattle and make them eligible to compete in ABBI sanctioned and other events.  The UBBI will also give members an opportunity to make their bulls age eligible to compete at UBBI events in the upcoming season (See Rules and Guidelines).
Randy Schmutz, the general manager of the UBBI had this to say, “I’m really excited about the new opportunities this organization is going to give bucking bull breeders.  But I’m more excited about the “regional” system than anything else!”
In 2011, the UBBI will divide the United States into 6 different regions and give breeders an opportunity to qualify their bulls to the UBBI National Finals both nationally and regionally.  Bulls will earn points toward their national standings and when participating in their home region, also earn points toward their regional standings.  The top 30 bulls nationally and the top 20 bulls regionally (50 total) will qualify for the National Finals in each category.
“The top 4 bulls in each of 5 regions and in each category will qualify to the National Finals, stated Schmutz.  “This will allow a breeder who lives in Idaho a chance to compete in his region and if his bull is ranked among the top 4 in that region, he earns a trip to the National Finals without having to travel to Texas to qualify.  Each Region will have a Regional Director and a Regional Judging Directory.  Directors will be appointed in 2011 and then be selected by the UBBI membership in 2012.  We’re excited to give the breeders a voice and contribute to the success of the UBBI.”
Other exciting programs being presented by the UBBI in 2011 are the Gold Standard UBBI Futurity and the UBBI Super Series futurities (See News & Headlines).
“It’s gonna be an exciting and hopefully fun year for everyone,” said Jerry Nelson.  “Jimmy Ray and I look forward to creating something for everyone to enjoy.  If we can do anything to make it better for the breeder, call us and let us know.  We want this to be good for everybody.”
For more information contact the UBBI office at 254-965-4130.

Raising Bucking Bulls

This fast up and coming and Hobby in our society today. It is very easy to get into but will you raise the next Superstar ? That is what everyone that is new in the industry is trying to do I think instead of sitting back and looking at the big picture of What is it gonna take to make my background one that is what people are looking for.. It takes a lot of money to play with the big boys at some of the futurity that are out there today. Takes money for reg. the animals for background “DNA” , people seem to want that piece of paper but to me that piece of paper is useless. You should be doing some studying instead of wanting to read something , just because the background reads good does not mean the animal will be like the Sire—-Dam—- and well you know what I’m trying to say…